• A Much-Needed Update on Digestive Diseases of Cats and Dogs It has been 10 years already since an issue of Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice was entirely devoted to gastroenterology. Needless to say, the current issue is long overdue. We have learned a lot since 2011 thanks to research per...  more
  • Fecal Microbiota Transplantation in Dogs In people, fecal microbiota transplantation is recognized as the best treatment modality for recurrent Clostridioides difficile infection in people, and its value is currently investigated in the treatment of other diseases associated with an abnormal gut...  more
  • Canine Protein Losing Enteropathies and Systemic Complications Canine protein–losing enteropathies occur commonly in small animal practice, and their management is often challenging with a long-term survival rate of only about 50%. Recent studies have investigated prognostic factors that may determine outcome in indi...  more
  • Acute Hemorrhagic Diarrhea Syndrome in Dogs Acute hemorrhagic diarrhea syndrome is defined as sudden onset of severe bloody diarrhea frequently associated with vomiting, which results in severe, sometimes life-threatening dehydration. Although there is strong evidence that clostridial overgrowth an...  more
  • Dietary and Nutritional Approaches to the Management of Chronic Enteropathy in Dogs and Cats Nutrition can influence those functions of the gastrointestinal tract that can be adversely affected in chronic enteropathy, such as microbiota, mucosal immune system, intestinal permeability, and motility. Diet serves as a possible risk factor in disease...  more
  • Impact of Changes in Gastrointestinal Microbiota in Canine and Feline Digestive Diseases The intestinal microbiome is an important immune and metabolic organ in health and disease. Recent molecular and metabolomic approaches have provided a better characterization of different types of dysbiosis, including mucosa-adherent bacteria and functio...  more
  • Aerodigestive Disease in Dogs Aerodigestive disorders (AeroDs) in people encompass a wide range of clinical syndromes, reflecting the complex relationship between the respiratory and digestive tracts. In veterinary medicine, aspiration is used interchangeably with aspiration pneumonia...  more
  • Gastroprotective Therapy A range of gastroprotective drugs are available for the treatment of esophagitis and gastroduodenal mucosal injury including acid suppressants (ie, histamine-2 receptor antagonists, proton pump inhibitors), coating agents, prostaglandin analogs, and antac...  more
  • Cageside Ultrasonography in the Emergency Room and Intensive Care Unit Global Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) and point-of-care ultrasonography carry the potential to screen for and monitor conditions rather than traditional means without ultrasonography. Advantages include being point of care, cageside,...  more
  • Resuscitation Strategies for the Small Animal Trauma Patient Traumatic injuries in small animals are a common cause for presentation to emergency departments. Severe traumatic injury results in a multitude of systemic responses, which can exacerbate initial tissue damage. Trauma resuscitation should focus on the gl...  more
  • Equine Dental Floating (Crown Osontoplasty) Odontoplasty (floating and occlusal equilibration) is the most commonly performed procedure in equine dentistry. From an anatomic perspective, an irregular occlusal surface, prominent cingula, transverse ridges, and enamel points all contribute to the fun...  more
  • Equine Imaging Computed tomography (CT) has revolutionized the veterinarian’s ability to image the equine skull and led to improved diagnostic accuracy and clarity for surgical planning. The increased cost for this evaluation is offset by more accurate diagnosis and tar...  more
  • Update on Equine Odontoclastic Tooth Resorption and Hypercementosis Equine odontoclastic tooth resorption and hypercementosis (EOTRH) is a progressive, painful disease, affecting incisors, canines, and cheek teeth. Examination findings include gingival inflammation, gingival recession and/or hyperplasia, subgingival swell...  more
  • Equine Nasal Endoscopy The nasal conchal bullae (dorsal and ventral) are separate, air-filled structures within their respective dorsal and ventral nasal conchae. Computed tomography scans have assisted with the increasing diagnosis of empyema of the nasal conchae. This conditi...  more
  • Equine Sinus Surgery The anatomy of the equine paranasal sinuses is critical to understand to assess the extent of the disease process, the optimal surgical approach, and the ability to drain through the normal nasomaxillary pathway. By following established anatomic landmark...  more
  • Adjunct Extraction Techniques in Equine Dentistry Adjunct extraction techniques are used when the shape or integrity of the tooth, the shape or size of the patient’s oral cavity, the location of the tooth, or the location of the proximal teeth prevents or complicates standard oral extraction. Techniques ...  more
  • Dental Radiography and Radiographic Signs of Equine Dental Disease Radiography is an important imaging modality and is available to most equine veterinarians providing primary care. Diagnostic radiographic imaging of the equine skull and dentition requires careful positioning and technique. This article is aimed at provi...  more
  • Equine Oral Endoscopy Oral endoscopy is a valuable addition to the equine dental examination process. It enables veterinarians to visualize subtle oral disorders and is a useful client education tool. There are several commercially available oral endoscopic systems on the mark...  more
  • Equine Genetic Diseases The publication of a reference genome sequence of a single domestic horse in 2009 resulted in unprecedented advancements in the field of equine genetics. Subsequent technologies, including the development of high-density single nucleotide polymorphism arr...  more
  • Genetics of Equine Behavioral Traits Behavior is a valuable quantitative trait in the horse because of its impact on performance, work, recreation, and prerequisite close interactions with humans. This article reviews what is known about the genetics of behavior in horses with an emphasis on...  more