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Respiratory and Cardiac Disorders

  • Title: Respiratory and Cardiac Disorders
  • Description:
    Small Animal Clinical Diagnosis by Laboratory Methods (Fifth Edition), 2012; Chapter 11, pp 260-277.  Authors:  Ned F. Kuehn, Sonya G. Gordon

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  • Category: Pulmonary and Respiratory

  • Abstract / Overview:
  • Article Outline

    Respiratory Problems

    Useful Tests

    Coughing, Including Hemoptysis

    Nasal Discharge, Sneezing, and Epistaxis

    Nasal Radiography

    Computed Tomography


    Nasal Lavage

    Nasal Biopsy

    Interpretation of Impression Cytology

    Nasal Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy

    Exploratory Rhinotomy

    Serology/Antigen Detection For Nasal Fungal Disorders

    Other Tests For Patients With Epistaxis

    Laryngeal, Nasopharyngeal, And Pharyngeal Examination

    Tracheal And Thoracic Radiography/Fluoroscopy

    Transtracheal/Tracheal Aspiration

    Bronchoalveolar Lavage


    Fecal Examination

    Baermann's Funnel Apparatus

    Pulmonary Aspiration Biopsy


    Serology/Antigen Tests For Pulmonary Diseases

    Amino-Terminal Pro-B-Type Natriuretic Peptide (NT-probnp)

    Cardiac Troponin I (cTnI)


    Arterial Blood Gases

    Partial Pressure of Oxygen

    Partial Pressure of Carbon Dioxide

    Diagnostic Evaluation of Blood Gases

    Partial Pressure Of Oxygen In Venous Blood

    Pulse Oximetry




    References and Suggested Readings