Publications  » Pulmonary and Respiratory  » Respiratory Tract

Respiratory Tract

  • Title: Respiratory Tract
  • Description:
    Canine and Feline Cytology (Second Edition) 2010, Chapter 5, pp 123-170.  Authors:  Mary Jo Burkhard, Laurie M. Millward

    Member fee: $9.95 - Login to purchase
  • Category: Pulmonary and Respiratory

  • Abstract / Overview:
  • Article Outline



    • Normal Anatomy and Histologic Features
    • Collection Techniques and Sample Preparation:  Nasal Swabs, Nasal Flush, Fine Needle Aspiration, Imprint and Brush Cytology
    • Normal Cytology and Common Cytologic Changes:  Normal Nasal Cytology, Oropharyngeal Contamination, Hyperplasia / Dysplasia, Metaplasia
    • Noninfectious Inflammatory Disease: Foreign Bodies, Allergic Rhinitis, Lymphoplasmacytic Rhinitis, Nasal Polyps, Chronic Sinusitis
    • Infectious Causes:  Bacteria, Viral, Fungal, Parasitic, Protozoal, Algal
    • Neoplasia of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses
    • Epithelial Neoplasia, Neuroendocrine Carcinoma, Mesenchymal Neoplasia, Discrete Cell Neoplasia, Histiocytic Sarcoma, Miscellaneous Neoplasia


    • Anatomic and Histologic Features
    • Sample Collection
    • Normal and Inflammatory Cytologic Features:  Normal, Inflammation, Granulomatous laryngitis, Reactive Lymphoid hyperplasia
    • Laryngeal Neoplasia:  Lymphoma, Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Carcinoma, Laryngeal oncocytoma, Mesenchymal Neoplasia, Laryngeal Cysts and Mucoceles


    • Normal Anatomy and Histology of the Airways and Lung
    • Collection Techniques:  Transtracheal Wash, Bronchoalveolar Lavage, Bronchial Brushing, Transthoracic Fine-Needle Aspiration
    • Normal Cytologic Features:  Normal Cytology of the Trachea and Bronchial Tree, Normal Cytology of the Lung, Oropharyngeal Contamination
    • Inflammation of the Tracheobronchial Tract and Lungs:  Chronic Inflammation, Suppurative Inflammation, Macrophagic and Mixed Inflammation, Granulomatous Inflammation, Eosinophilic Inflammation
    • Infectious Causes of Disease of the Tracheobronchial Tract and Lungs
    • Bacterial Pneumonia, Viral Pneumonia, Protozoal Pneumonia, Fungal Pneumonia, Parasitic Infestations
    • Tissue Injury:  Hemorrhage, Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis, Pulmonary Atelectasis or Collapse, Necrosis, Hyperplasia and Dysplasia of the Lung, Metaplasia of the Lung
    • Neoplasia:  Carcinoma, Hemolymphatic Neoplasia, Mesenchymal Neoplasia
    • Nonrespiratory Aspirate